Participants must have
Minimum participant vehicles 3
Maximum participant vehicles 4
Travel guarantee with two participating vehicles
Algeria The South - Country of the Touareg
I had the oppurtunity to travel into this outstanding part of the world a few times already. With its outstanding variosity of colors in its big sand seas togehter with the black colored mountains of the Tassili`n Ajjer and. This is an unbeaten mix of colors in the Sahara region.
Rock paintings and carvings in a brilliant quality that overcame the thousands of years since they where drawn and made carved with tools into solid rock.
This expedition is much more than just a 4x4 adventure. We will have short walks in the mountains and visit places you only can reach by foot and found by people who grew up here. A hike up to the very top of the Assekrem, with ist nearby heights of 2,800 m and the christian padres who live up there in a monastery, will as well be a wonderful part. Another visit will lead us into the Touareg villages Djanet and Tamanrasset, the other major settlements of the Touareg in the south of Algeria. There will be trekks by foot and outstanding dune crossings 4x4. Enough offroad adventure guaranteed. Nearly 25 years of experience around the globe will let be the guarant for this.
We will be accompanied by an agency out of a Touareg family with roots in Algeria as well as into Libya and the Niger. I know them since 15 years. They are well known and highly respected in the society of the Touareg. We where accompanied by a travel agency in Libya in the past, with direct roots into the Gaddafi clan, which was an absolut win situation. For us, it is a must to travel with honourous agencies in these countries.
To make it obvious where we travel, one might have a decent look at the history of the Touareg - the Imuhâren - "the free". They call themselves "Kel Tamâhak" - "the people who talk tamâhak". They are not a nation or a tribe. But a complex multi-ethnic society of nomads, out of different tribes and nations, sharing the same culture and language.
Herodot, a historic greek author who lived 480 to 420 b.c, already wrote about them in his writings.
The Garamants in the south of Libya are brought into a context with them as well.
The Touareg do have their own scripture, called "tifinarh". Which comes from the old libyan alphabet with its 21 to 27 characters and consist on geometric symbols. They do have their own language "tamâhak". The men are wearing a veil, the so called "tugulmust". The women have equal rights in their society, some are talking about a matriarchy. The roots of the tribes in south Algeria where founded by two women, the history says. Tri-n-hinan - the one of the tents, known as the first amenukâl or king of the tribes - and Tâkamat. Their tomb can be found near Tamanrasset. The family line is inherited by the women. Nearly all of the Touareg are muslim.
Their own poetry and music, played on a one string so called berber violin - the inzad - is part of their culture.
Their society is structured into nobles - imuhâr, vassals - imrâd and servants - iklân. Their craftsmen - the inharden and their spiritual leaders - the ineslemen are in a special position inside of this society. Especially their blacksmiths - the enaden are respected and feared. They know about the secrets of working and melt metal and so they must know about the unknown secrets as well. The history says, jews from Ethiopia where in this business of the enaden since a very long time and they brought this knowledge into their society.
Structured is this society on a federal base. Tribes of nobles, vassals, servants, camp associations, camps and families. The chief is elected by the leaders of the nobles and vassals, called amenukâl in the hoggar region, bound to the decisions of the council meeting.
The hospitality of the Touareg is well known and is including a tea ceremony. Successively there are 3 glases of tea offered. The first is bitter as live is, the second sweet as love can be and the third is as gently as only the death can be.